Categorie archief: alchemy

Magic circle


magic circle is circle or sphere of space marked out by practitioners of many branches of ritual magic, either to contain energy and form a sacred space, or as a form of magical protection, or both. It may be marked physically, drawn in salt or chalk, for example, or merely visualised. Its spiritual significance is similar to that of mandala and yantra in some Eastern religions.


Creating a magic circle is known as casting a circlecircle casting, and various other names.

There are many published techniques for casting a circle, and many groups and individuals have their own unique methods. The common feature of these practices is that a boundary is traced around the working area. Some witchcraft traditions say that one must trace around the circle deosil three times. There is variation over which direction one should start in. In Wicca a circle is typically nine feet in diameter, though the size can vary depending on the purpose of the circle, and the preference of the caster.

Circles may or may not be physically marked out on the ground, and a variety of elaborate patterns for circle markings can be found ingrimoires and magical manuals, often involving angelic and divine names. Such markings, or a simple unadorned circle, may be drawn in chalk or salt, or indicated by other means such as with a cord.

The four cardinal directions are often prominently marked, such as with four candles. In ceremonial magic traditions the four directions are commonly related to the four archangels Michael, Gabriel, Raphael and Uriel (or Auriel), or the four classical elements, and also have four associated names of God. Some varieties of Wicca use the common ceremonial colour attributions for their “quarter candles”: yellow for Air in the east, red for Fire in the south, blue for Water in the west and green for Earth in the north (though these attributions differ according to geographical location and individual philosophy). Other ceremonial traditions have candles between the quarters, i.e. in the north-east, north-west and so on.

Generally, as with most magical practices, an incantation is recited stating the purpose and nature of the circle, often repeating an assortment of divine and angelic names.


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circle divided by a horizontal line


30:1 · The circle divided by a horizontal line is a structure often found on rock carvings. In early Chinese calligraphy it represented the sun(the earliest sun sign was 2609, though). In the Greek alphabet the structure is used to signify the letter theta. The sign is used in at least ten different ideographic systems of natural science, and in the new religion conceived by the late science fiction writer and philosopher L. Ron Hubbard half a century ago, Scientology, it is a symbol for the individual human spirit
    The alchemists used 3001 to denote salt (more usually drawn 2620b or 3044b). 
    In a system of the four elements that is Spanish in origin, we find 3001 meaning water (the others are 2901 for earth2609 for fire, and 2601a forair). 
    This sign is generally associated with the idea of something absolute, e.g. absolute timeabsolute temperatureabsolute center etc. With regard to this, 3001 can be said to be synonymous with 1001
    In other modern systems 3001 is used to mean stop or end.

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circle divided by a vertical line


30:3 · The circle divided by a vertical line is an ancient sign of the alphabets used in antiquity in the Near East. The alchemists used it to signify nitrogen, or saltpeter. Among the Hittites 3002a and 3002b were closely associated with the idea of lightning
    In his nineteenth-century system for the chemical elements John Dalton used 3002a for nitrogen
    Some meteorological sign systems used 3002a for solar halo.

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Circled dot


(all wikipedia links)


The circled dotcircumpunct, or circle with a point at its centre is an ancient symbol. It can symbolize:

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(uit wikipedia:)

The Ouroboros (Greek Ουροβόρος, from ουροβόρος όφις “tail-devouring snake”, also spelled OurorborosOroborusUroboros or Uroborus, in English pronounced /ʊˈrɒbɔrɔs/ or /ˌjʊəroʊˈbɒrəs/), is an ancientsymbol depicting a serpent or dragon swallowing its own tail and forming a circle.

The Ouroboros often represents self-reflexivity or cyclicality, especially in the sense of something constantly re-creating itself, the eternal return, and other things perceived as cycles that begin anew as soon as they end (See Phoenix (mythology)). It can also represent the idea of primordial unity related to something existing in or persisting from the beginning with such force or qualities it cannot be extinguished. The ouroboros has been important in religious and mythological symbolism, but has also been frequently used in alchemical illustrations, where it symbolizes the circular nature of the alchemist’s opus. It is also often associated with Gnosticism, and Hermeticism.

Carl Jung interpreted the Ouroboros as having an archetypical significance to the human psyche. The Jungian psychologist Erich Neumann writes of it as a representation of the pre-ego “dawn state”, depicting the undifferentiated infancy experience of both mankind and the individual child.

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